It improves your coordination making you a better athlete.
It encourages paying attention so you become a better learner.
It promotes respect which helps you to get along with all ages.
It helps you develop self-confidence, self-control and self-discipline.


I shall observe the tenets of Taekwon-Do
I shall respect the instructor and seniors
I shall never misuse Taekwon-Do
I shall be a champion of freedom and justice
I shall build a more peaceful world

An oath is a promise that you make.


Courtesy, Ye Ui
Integrity, Yom Chi
Perseverance, In Nae
Self Control, Guk Gi
Indomitable Spirit, Baekjool Boolgool

Tenets are principles that you believe to be true and essential to live by, or to practice an art.


White Belt
Signifies innocence, as that of the beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do.

Yellow Belt
Signifies the earth from which a plant sprouts and takes root as the foundation of Taekwon-Do is being laid.

Green Belt
Signifies the plant's growth as Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop.

Blue Belt
Signifies the Heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.

Red Belt
Signifies Danger, cautioning the the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.

Black Belt
Opposite to white, therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do, also indicates the wearers imperviousness to darkness and fear.


The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolises either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historic events.

CHON-JI(19): Means literally "the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore it is the initial pattern played by the beginner. This pattern consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth.

DAN-GUN(21): is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 B.C.

DO-SAN(24): is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement.

WON-HYO(28): was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year 686 A.D.

YUL-GOK(38): is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi I (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". The 38 movements of this pattern represent his birthplace on 38 degrees latitude and the diagram represents "scholar".

JOONG-GUN(32): is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor general of Korea, known as the man who played a leading part in the Korea Japan merger. There are 32 movements in this pattern to represent Mr Ahn’s age when he was executed in the Lui-Shung prison (1910).

TOI-GYE(37): is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo-Confucianism. The 37 movements in this pattern refer to his birthplace on 37 degrees latitude, the diagram represents "scholar".

HWA-RANG(29): is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th infantry division, where Taekwon-do developed into maturity.

CHOONG-MOO(30): was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Yi Dynasty. He was reputed to have built the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. The reason why this pattern ends with a left-hand attack is to symbolise his regrettable death, having no chance to show his unrestrained potentiality checked by the forced reservation of his loyalty to the King.

pposite of white, therefore signifying the maturity and proficiency in Tae Kwon-Do. Also indicates the wearers’ imperviousness to darkness and fear.

The Reason for 24 Patterns

The life of a human being, perhaps 100 years, can be considered as a day when compared with eternity.Therefore, we mortals are no more than simple travelers who pass by the eternal years of an eon in a day. It is evident that no one can live more than a limited amount of time. Nevertheless, most people foolishly enslave themselves to materialism as if they could live for thousands of years. And some people strive to bequeath a good spiritual legacy for coming generations, in this way, gaining immortality. Obviously, the spirit is perpetual while material is not; therefore, what we can do to leave behind something for the welfare of mankind is, perhaps, the most important thing in our lives.

Here I leave Taekwon-Do for mankind as a trace of man of the late 20th century. The 24 patterns represent 24 hours, one day, or all my life. The name of the pattern, the number of movements, and the diagrammatic symbol of each pattern symbolizes either heroic figures in Korean history or instances relating to historical events.
General Choi, Hong Hi

©Turners Cross Taekwon-Do Academy 2020. Please do not reproduce any part of this web site without prior permission from Master  Ken Leahy.

Tel: 086 2602415